A new research found that the people who drink regularly one or more alcoholic beverages each day have more bad bacteria than those of non-drinkers. A person who is having many bad and harmful bacteria in the mouth may lead to gum disease, heart problems and can also suffer from cancers. A person who is having good bacteria and less bad bacteria can help in checking the growth of harmful germs, as a result, you can have a healthy lifestyle.
The study which was published on Monday said: “This is the first comprehensive study of alcohol intake on the oral microbiome.” The study was first for an oral microbiome as said by Jiyoung Ahn, who is the study’s senior investigator and an epidemiologist at an NYU School of Medicine. Ahn and his colleagues decided to carry an investigation into the diet and lifestyle factors which influence the types of bacteria that are found in the mouth and can influence the development of oral and upper digestive tract.
In a spit test, a group of about 1,044 healthy people whose age is between 55 and 87 are taken for the study. The group contains 270 non-drinkers, 614 moderate drinkers, and 160 heavy drinkers. All the participants are asked to provide the spit samples and information about their eating, drinking and other lifestyle habits.
They run the test of the samples in their laboratory and found that drinkers had more Bacteroides, Actinomyces, and Neisseria which are the harmful species of the bacteria and can cause disease. The nondrinkers have the bacteria who help in reduction of gum diseases.
Olivier George who is an associate professor in the department of neurology at the Scripps Research Institute said that the researchers who have conducted this study have done a very comprehensive analysis of the mouth bacteria. He said, “impossible to say if these effects are due to drinking per se or due to the poor hygiene associated with drinking.” He added by saying “They could affect aging, cancer, a variety of health conditions and even control brain function and play a role in behaviors.”